Dec’Pol Dry Decontamination vs. wet decontamination
Advantages of Dec’Pol dry decontamination
Dry decontamination reduces concerns associated with cold weather decontamination while also speeding up the decontamination process by allowing victims to self-decontaminate (or be decontaminated by a first responder with minimal cross contamination). In addition, some contaminants are water-reactive and wet decontamination methods may only increase the potential hazards.
The deployment of a the Dec’Pol Emergency Decontamination mitt allows the victim to assist in his/her own decontamination. In addition, dry decon operations are expedited by allowing for the quick removal of contaminants from the victim’s skin, which reduces the amount of time a victim is in contact with the contamination (which therefore reduces the potential harm caused).
Cold weather decontamination
Hypothermia is a significant risk when performing wet decontamination in temperatures below 2°C, dry decontamination using Dec’Pol can be an effective solution that prevents more casualties as a result of hypothermia. Other sources recommend wet decontamination be avoided in external temperatures of below 15°C to avoid adverse effects of cold shock.
Wet decontamination lines require not only a water source, but occasionally electricity for deployment. As a rule, dry decontamination is faster both in deployment and clean-up as it does not require an immediate water supply, contaminated water collection basin, resources (like hoses, nozzles, shelters, and other large pieces of equipment), or a large number of personnel.